Childhood is one of the most important stages of life. Age of a Pre-school child is between 1 to 3 years. They are called Toddlers. Children in their toddler and preschool years are very impressionable, which makes it the perfect time to help them form good eating habits. You should now be giving your child regular and quality nutrients in the gradually increasing amount. These years can be very rewarding. During this time, your child is learning very fast. He or she is rapidly expanding his or her language learning and speaking. This is a good time, therefore, to teach good nutrition principles and eating habits.
Nutritional Requirements during This Age Group (1-3 Year) Are-
1. Nutrients Toddler 1-3 yrs (Weight 10-12-2 kg)
2. Calories 1240
3. Protein 22
4. Calcium 400
5. Fat 25
6. Iron 12
7. Vitamin A 400
8. Vitamin B12 0.2-1.0
9. Vitamin C 40
Toddlers require energy for growth and physical activities. Better amount of foods with low energy may develop under nutrition. Protein, calcium, iron is required for growth and development of bones, tissues, muscles and blood. Calcium is required for skeleton, teeth, muscles, tissues and also to maintain the normal percentage of calcium in blood. Good nutrition in your child and that they grow up healthy, they will need to eat a large variety of foods.
The best nutrition advice to keep your child healthy:-
• Eat a variety of foods
• Regular timing and interval of 2-21/2 hours between two meals.
• Balance the food you eat with physical activity
• Choose a diet with plenty of grain products, Green leafy vegetables and fruits
• Milk and eggs are very good source of calcium and iron to meet their growing body’s requirements.
• Choose a diet low in fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol
• Varieties of colour, texture and shape of the foods.
• Choose a diet moderate in sugars and salt
Effect of Poor Nutrition upon Toddler:-
• lack of blood formation
• Poor resistance against diseases or infection
• insufficiency of protein
• insufficiency of Calorie/energy
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